May 9, 2011 Comments Off on Childhood Trauma and Risk for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Childhood Trauma and Risk for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Association With Neuroendocrine Dysfunction – Journal: Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2009;66(1):72-80 Authors: Christine Heim, PhD; Urs M. Nater, PhD; Elizabeth Maloney, MS, DrPH; Roumiana Boneva, MD, PhD; James F. Jones, MD; William C. Reeves, MD, MSc
Childhood trauma appears to be a potent risk factor for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). Evidence from developmental neuroscience suggests that early experience programs the development of regulatory systems that are implicated in the pathophysiology of CFS, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. However, the contribution of childhood trauma to neuroendocrine dysfunction in CFS remains obscure.
To replicate findings on the relationship between childhood trauma and risk for CFS and to evaluate the association between childhood trauma and neuroendocrine dysfunction in CFS.
Design, Setting, and Participants
A case-control study of 113 persons with CFS and 124 well control subjects identified from a general population sample of 19 381 adult residents of Georgia….
Individuals with CFS reported significantly higher levels of childhood trauma and psychopathological symptoms than control subjects. Exposure to childhood trauma was associated with a 6-fold increased risk of CFS. Sexual abuse, emotional abuse, and emotional neglect were most effective in discriminating CFS cases from controls. There was a graded relationship between exposure level and CFS risk. The risk of CFS conveyed by childhood trauma further increased with the presence of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms. Only individuals with CFS and with childhood trauma exposure, but not individuals with CFS without exposure, exhibited decreased salivary cortisol concentrations after awakening compared with control subjects.
Our results confirm childhood trauma as an important risk factor of CFS. In addition, neuroendocrine dysfunction, a hallmark feature of CFS, appears to be associated with childhood trauma. This possibly reflects a biological correlate of vulnerability due to early developmental insults. Our findings are critical to inform pathophysiological research and to devise targets for the prevention of CFS.
November 2, 2010 Comments Off on Man Arrested After Suing the Vatican, Trauma and adult mental health conference
Man Arrested After Suing the Vatican By TIM HULL November 01, 2010 SAN FRANCISCO (CN) – A man charged with assaulting a priest at a Jesuit retirement home has sued the Vatican, claiming it knew its priest had sexually molested him and others, and failed to protect him from being “raped, tortured, and forced to engage in sexual acts with his own brother,” when they were children.
William Lynch, 43, was arrested on Friday, 2 days after he sued the Vatican, the Oakland Archdiocese, the Jesuit Order, The Christian Family Movement and others in Federal Court. Lynch was accused of assaulting the Rev. Jerold Lindner, 65, in the lobby of a retirement home in Los Gatos, in May this year.
Lynch claims Lindner oversaw his rape, torture and abuse at a summer camp when he was 7, and that the religious defendants knew of Lindner’s propensities, and covered for him for decades.
“In May 1975, plaintiff was entrusted to a CFM [Christian Family Movement] children’s camp in Portola State Park in the state of California, whereat he was raped, tortured, and forced to engage in sexual acts with is own brother by Jesuit priest and CFM Camp Spiritual Advisor Jerold W. Lindner. Plaintiff was 7 years old at that time,” according to the complaint.
“Not only did the Jesuit Order know of Lindner’s propensities for child rape and abuse, Lindner was well known by his order as a ‘torturer of children.’ He was specifically known for sexual gratification while torturing his victims among his order, and his reputation and knowledge of his crimes extended all the way to the Holy See in the 1970s [and] 1980s.”….Lynch says in his complaint that the Vatican and the other defendants continue to protect the retired priest after “decades of abuse and hundreds of victims.”….The Associated Press reported on Friday, however, that “Father Lindner, 65, has been accused of abuse by nearly a dozen people, including his sister and nieces and nephews. … He has previously denied abusing the Lynch boys and has not been criminally charged. The abuse falls outside the statute of limitations.”
The AP report continued: “Father Lindner was removed from the ministry and placed at the Los Gatos retirement home in 2001. “He was named in two additional lawsuits for abuse between 1973 and 1985, according to the Archdiocese of Los Angeles. The cases were included in a $660 million settlement struck between the church and more than 550 plaintiffs in 2007.”….”Lindner’s sexual abuse of children began in [the] 1950s, continued through the 1970s and persisted into the 1980s, when Lindner was actually promoted by defendants to a teacher post at an all boys school, Loyola High School in Los Angeles,” according to the complaint.
Trauma and adult mental health conference
When: 30/11/2010 10.00am to 4.30pm
Where: ORT House Conference Centre, London NW1 UK
Childhood trauma as a result of abuse is frequently the catalyst for ongoing mental health related problems in adulthood. Statistics about trauma and adult mental health issues make shocking reading.
The impacts of trauma are far-reaching, touching every part of survivors’ lives. Social problems such as homelessness, physical manifestations such as self-harm and eating disorders and personal and emotional difficulties in forming healthy relationships are all possible outcomes. The conference will address some of the outcomes linked with childhood trauma; the pathways to recovery and possible therapeutic interventions that can be used….Substance misuse is a particular area of concern and the expert speaker will explore the links between trauma and substance misuse in adults.
The diagnosis of dissociative identity disorder will be analysed and explained – 90% of adults with dissociative identity disorder (DID) were abused as children.
A final session will revisit the issues around childhood abuse and describe ways in which early intervention can prevent the cycle repeating itself.
Chair: Adah Sachs Consultant Psychotherapist, Clinic for Dissociative Studies
Peter Saunders Chief Executive and Founder of NAPAC
Peter Jones Lecturer in Mental Health, Bournemouth University, and Chair, Counselling in Prisons Network
Jim Symington Deputy Director, National Mental Health Development Unit
Dr Nick Maquire Chartered Clinical Psychologist and Director, PG Cert in Cognitive Therapy, University of Southampton
Kathryn A Livingstone Voluntary Co-ordinator, Trainer and Trustee,First Person Plural
Jean Budge Support Services Supervisor, Beyond Trauma, Health in Mind
Rex Haigh FRCPsych Consultant Psychiatrist, Berkshire Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust, Clinical Advisor, National Personality Disorder Programme, Department of Health and Senior Fellow, Institute of Mental Health, Nottingham
Alan Corbett Former Director of Respond; former National Clinical Director of the CARI (Children at Risk in Ireland) Foundation and Psychotherapist
Jacqui Lovell Project lead, developing partners cic
January 18, 2010 § Leave a comment
How Childhood Trauma Can Cause Adult Obesity By Maia Szalavitz Tuesday, Jan. 05, 2010
Felitti wondered if there was something similar barring weight loss in other patients – or causing obesity itself. In the late ’80s, he began a systematic study of 286 obese people, and discovered that 50% had been sexually abused as children. That rate is more than 50% higher than the rate normally reported by women, and more than triple the average rate in men. Indeed, the average rates of sexual abuse are themselves unsettling: according to a large 2003 study conducted by John Briere and Diana Elliott of the University of Southern California, 14% of men and 32% of women said they were molested at least once as children.
In recent years, studies by both Felitti and others have largely confirmed the association between sexual abuse – as well as other types of traumatic childhood experience – and eating disorders or obesity. A 2007 study of more than 11,000 California women found that those who had been abused as children were 27% more likely to be obese as adults, compared with those who had not, after adjusting for other factors. A 2009 study of more than 15,000 adolescents found that sexual abuse in childhood raised the risk of obesity 66% in males in adulthood. That study found no such effect in women, but did find a higher risk of eating disorders in sexually abused girls.