Risks of harm from spanking confirmed by analysis of 5 decades of research

April 27, 2016 Comments Off on Risks of harm from spanking confirmed by analysis of 5 decades of research

Risks of harm from spanking confirmed by analysis of 5 decades of research
Date: April 25, 2016
Source: University of Texas at Austin

Summary: The more children are spanked, the more likely they are to defy their parents and to experience increased anti-social behavior, aggression, mental health problems and cognitive difficulties, according to a new meta-analysis of 50 years of research on spanking.

The more children are spanked, the more likely they are to defy their parents and to experience increased anti-social behavior, aggression, mental health problems and cognitive difficulties, according to a new meta-analysis of 50 years of research on spanking by experts at the University of Texas at Austin and the University of Michigan.

The study, published in this month’s Journal of Family Psychology, looks at five decades of research involving over 160,000 children. The researchers say it is the most complete analysis to date of the outcomes associated with spanking, and more specific to the effects of spanking alone than previous papers, which included other types of physical punishment in their analyses.

“Our analysis focuses on what most Americans would recognize as spanking and not on potentially abusive behaviors,” says Elizabeth Gershoff, an associate professor of human development and family sciences at The University of Texas at Austin. “We found that spanking was associated with unintended detrimental outcomes and was not associated with more immediate or long-term compliance, which are parents’ intended outcomes when they discipline their children.”

Gershoff and co-author Andrew Grogan-Kaylor, an associate professor at the University of Michigan School of Social Work, found that spanking (defined as an open-handed hit on the behind or extremities) was significantly linked with 13 of the 17 outcomes they examined, all in the direction of detrimental outcomes.

“The upshot of the study is that spanking increases the likelihood of a wide variety of undesired outcomes for children. Spanking thus does the opposite of what parents usually want it to do,” Grogan-Kaylor says.

Gershoff and Grogan-Kaylor tested for some long-term effects among adults who were spanked as children. The more they were spanked, the more likely they were to exhibit anti-social behavior and to experience mental health problems. They were also more likely to support physical punishment for their own children, which highlights one of the key ways that attitudes toward physical punishment are passed from generation to generation.

The researchers looked at a wide range of studies and noted that spanking was associated with negative outcomes consistently and across all types of studies, including those using the strongest methodologies such as longitudinal or experimental designs. As many as 80 percent of parents around the world spank their children, according to a 2014 UNICEF report. Gershoff notes that this persistence of spanking is in spite of the fact that there is no clear evidence of positive effects from spanking and ample evidence that it poses a risk of harm to children’s behavior and development.

Both spanking and physical abuse were associated with the same detrimental child outcomes in the same direction and nearly the same strength.

“We as a society think of spanking and physical abuse as distinct behaviors,” she says. “Yet our research shows that spanking is linked with the same negative child outcomes as abuse, just to a slightly lesser degree.”
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/04/160425143106.htm

Risks of Harm from Spanking Confirmed by Analysis of Five Decades of Research   April 25, 2016
http://news.utexas.edu/2016/04/25/risks-of-harm-from-spanking-confirmed-by-researchers

Spanking and Child Outcomes: Old Controversies and New Meta-Analyses.
Gershoff, Elizabeth T.; Grogan-Kaylor, Andrew
Journal of Family Psychology, Apr 7, 2016

Whether spanking is helpful or harmful to children continues to be the source of considerable debate among both researchers and the public. This article addresses 2 persistent issues, namely whether effect sizes for spanking are distinct from those for physical abuse, and whether effect sizes for spanking are robust to study design differences. Meta-analyses focused specifically on spanking were conducted on a total of 111 unique effect sizes representing 160,927 children. Thirteen of 17 mean effect sizes were significantly different from zero and all indicated a link between spanking and increased risk for detrimental child outcomes. Effect sizes did not substantially differ between spanking and physical abuse or by study design characteristics.
http://psycnet.apa.org/?&fa=main.doiLanding&doi=10.1037/fam0000191

 

Houston man charged with child porn possession after Google cyber-tip, BBC News – Google ‘reveals user’ over Gmail child abuse images, Hamill: Court ruling allowing parents to spank their kids could lead to further abuse, Child abuse cases reach record 73,765 in Japan

August 5, 2014 Comments Off on Houston man charged with child porn possession after Google cyber-tip, BBC News – Google ‘reveals user’ over Gmail child abuse images, Hamill: Court ruling allowing parents to spank their kids could lead to further abuse, Child abuse cases reach record 73,765 in Japan

– Houston man charged with child porn possession after Google cyber-tip
– BBC News – Google ‘reveals user’ over Gmail child abuse images
– Hamill: Court ruling allowing parents to spank their kids could lead to further abuse
– Child abuse cases reach record 73,765 in Japan

Houston man charged with child porn possession after Google cyber-tip
Tim Wetzel, KHOU 11 News July 30, 2014

HOUSTON – A cyber-tip generated by Google and sent to the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children led to the arrest of a 41-year-old Houston man who is charged with possessing child pornography.

Police say Google detected explicit images of a young girl in an email that John Henry Skillern was sending to a friend, the company then alerted authorities….

Skillern is a registered sex offender who was convicted of sexually assaulting an 8 year old boy in 1994….

“He seemed like a nice, normal man,” said neighbor Yesenia Gonzales. “Thank goodness for Google.”

After obtaining a search warrant, investigators said they found child porn on Skillern’s phone and tablet device. They also found text messages and e-mails where he talked about his interest in children.

According to police, Skillern worked as a cook for a Denny’s restaurant in Pasadena. They say he had video on his cell phone of young children visiting the restaurant with their families.

Skillern has been charged with one count of possession of child pornography and one count of promotion of child pornography. He’s being held on a $200,000 bond….
http://www.khou.com/story/news/crime/2014/07/30/houston-man-charged-with-child-porn-possession-after-google-cyber-tip/13378459/

BBC News – Google ‘reveals user’ over Gmail child abuse images
4 August 2014
Google has revealed the identity of a user after discovering child abuse imagery in the man’s Gmail account in Houston, Texas, according to a local news report.

It alerted a child protection agency, which notified the police and the man was arrested, KHOU 11 News reported….

Police in Houston told the local news station that Google detected explicit images of a young girl in an email being sent by John Henry Skillern. After the existence of the email was referred to them by the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, the police obtained a search warrant and arrested the man.

The 41-year-old is a convicted sex offender. He has been charged with possessing child pornography, it was reported….

Google works with the IWF and the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children extensively, he said, adding: “We have built technology that trawls other platforms for known images of child sex abuse. We can then quickly remove them and report their existence to the authorities.”

Google automatically scans email accounts to provide ads within Gmail, which has more than 400 million users worldwide….
http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-28639628

Hamill: Court ruling allowing parents to spank their kids could lead to further abuse
The New York Appellate Division ruled on July 19 that it was a ‘reasonable use of force’ when a Long Island father spanked his 8-year-old son for cursing at a party. The spanking also did not constitute excessive corporal punishment, the panel ruled. But this ruling sets a scary legal precedent and seems to be following a national pattern of making corporal punishment of children acceptable.
NEW YORK DAILY NEWS Monday, August 4, 2014 BY Denis Hamill….

The New York Appellate Division ruled on July 19 to overturn a child abuse case against a Long Island man who spanked his 8-year-old son for cursing at a party. He was also accused of beating the child with a belt on his bare buttocks and legs when he got him home.

The court ruled that the allegations involving the belt were unsubstantiated. Of course they were. It was a little kid’s word against an adult’s.

“The father’s open-handed spanking of the child as a form of discipline after he heard the child curse at an adult was a reasonable use of force and, under the circumstances presented here, did not constitute excessive corporal punishment,” the four-judge panel ruled in a unanimous decision….

The Daily News on July 20 reported that a federal appeals court in California ruled last year that a woman who hit her 12-year-old daughter in the rear with a wooden spoon should not be labeled a child abuser. Another federal panel in Florida found that a single spank does not qualify as domestic violence. And the Minnesota Supreme Court cleared a father who hit his 12-year-old son 36 times on the upper thighs with a wooden paddle, ruling that spanking isn’t necessarily abuse….

According to Safe Horizon, an organization that monitors child abuse, one in 10 kids is maltreated in America; 45% of maltreated kids are under age 5; 1,593 children died in America from abuse in 2012; 85% of those fatalities were white children and 80% of the abusers were parents. The gender breakdown of abusers was 45.3% male and 53.4% female….

But this ruling sets a scary legal precedent and seems to be following a national pattern of making corporal punishment of children acceptable….
http://www.nydailynews.com/new-york/court-ruling-spanking-lead-child-abuse-article-1.1891698

Child abuse cases reach record 73,765 in Japan
The Japan News/Asia News Network Tuesday, Aug 05, 2014

A record 73,765 cases of child abuse were brought to the attention of 207 child consultation centers across the nation in fiscal 2013, according to a preliminary report released Monday by the Health, Labor and Welfare Ministry.

It was the highest figure since the ministry began carrying out this type of survey in fiscal 1990, and topped the figure for fiscal 2012 by 7,064. It was also the first time in the survey’s history that the nationwide figure exceeded 70,000.

“Active responses to child abuse are a significant factor behind the increase in reported cases,” a ministry official said. The situation remains serious, however, as cases in which abused children have died continue unabated….
http://news.asiaone.com/news/asia/child-abuse-cases-reach-record-73765-japan

Three men say they were abused by Jerry Sandusky in ’70s or ’80s, Assault: Children With Disabilities Are More Likely to Be Victims of Violence, Analysis Shows

July 18, 2012 Comments Off on Three men say they were abused by Jerry Sandusky in ’70s or ’80s, Assault: Children With Disabilities Are More Likely to Be Victims of Violence, Analysis Shows

Three men say they were abused by Jerry Sandusky in ’70s or ’80s
By NBC News staff 7/16/12

Three men have told police they were abused by Jerry Sandusky in the 1970s or 1980s, according to a local report Monday.

Sources close the Sandusky case say they are the first people to allege abuse before the 1990s by the 68-year-old convicted pedophile, The Patriot-News reported.

In the early 1970s when one of the men said he was abused, the former Penn State assistant football coach would have been in his late 20s.

Sandusky was convicted in June on 45 counts of child sex abuse against 10 victims. As the case unfolded, more alleged victims came forward – including Sandusky’s adopted son – to say they were also abused.
http://usnews.msnbc.msn.com/_news/2012/07/16/12772779-three-men-say-they-were-abused-by-jerry-sandusky-in-70s-or-80s

Assault: Children With Disabilities Are More Likely to Be Victims of Violence, Analysis Shows
By DONALD G. McNEIL Jr.  July 16, 2012

Children with disabilities are almost four times more likely to be victims of violence than other children, according to a new report commissioned by the World Health Organization.

The report, published in The Lancet on Thursday, found that disabled children were 3.6 times more likely to be physically assaulted and 2.9 times more likely to be sexually assaulted.

The most common victims of sexual assault were those with mental illness or retardation, and institutionalized children were attacked more often than those living at home.

Last week’s report was a meta-analysis of 17 other studies that collectively gathered evidence on 18,374 children, all of them living in wealthy countries, from the United States to Europe to Israel. About 3 percent of children in rich countries and up to 6 percent in poor ones have disabilities.

“Physical violence” included threats and spanking that left marks on the skin. A study published about 10 years ago estimated that 53,000 children under age 18 are murdered each year. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/17/health/policy/children-with-disabilities-are-victimized-more-often.html

People with disabilities: the forgotten victims of violence

Esme Fuller-Thomson, Sarah Brennenstuhl
Three decades have passed since the UN declared 1981 as the International Year of Disabled Persons. The theme of the commemoration was “full participation and equality”. Progress towards this goal has been sadly deficient as evidence suggests that individuals with disabilities experience exceptionally high levels of violence. http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2812%2960077-4/fulltext

newest child abuse, clergy abuse and ritual abuse newsletter

December 5, 2011 Comments Off on newest child abuse, clergy abuse and ritual abuse newsletter

forwarded with permission

newest child abuse, clergy abuse and ritual abuse newsletter is now available online.

This issue contains information on the Penn State Abuse Scandal (Jerry Sandusky), Syracuse Scandal (Bernie Fine), fighting child pornography, Afghan ‘dancing boys,’ spanking controversy, Bernard Jackson, international paedophile ring, Satanic Sex Encounter, Children’s Bones at Canada’s Indian Residential School, child sacrifice, non-state torture, Sybil and MPD, Sybil Exposed, Sybil in her own words, dissociative identity disorder, Childhood Abuse and Household Dysfunction, childhood abuse prevention, Child Death, Betrayal Blindness and Institutional Betrayal and sterilization victims.

http://ritualabuse.us/2011/12/issue-102-January-2012/

 

Preaching Virtue of Spanking, Even as Deaths Fuel Debate

November 11, 2011 Comments Off on Preaching Virtue of Spanking, Even as Deaths Fuel Debate

Preaching Virtue of Spanking, Even as Deaths Fuel Debate
By ERIK ECKHOLM November 6, 2011….

The pastoral mood in the hills of Tennessee offered a stark contrast to the storm raging around the country over the Pearls’ teachings on child discipline, which advocate systematic use of “the rod” to teach toddlers to submit to authority. The methods, seen as common sense by some grateful parents and as horrific by others, are modeled, Mr. Pearl is fond of saying, on “the same principles the Amish use to train their stubborn mules.”

Debate over the Pearls’ teachings, first seen on Christian Web sites, gained new intensity after the death of a third child, all allegedly at the hands of parents who kept the Pearls’ book, “To Train Up a Child,” in their homes. On Sept. 29, the parents were charged with homicide by abuse.

More than 670,000 copies of the Pearls’ self-published book are in circulation, and it is especially popular among Christian home-schoolers, who praise it in their magazines and on their Web sites. The Pearls provide instructions on using a switch from as early as six months to discourage misbehavior and describe how to make use of implements for hitting on the arms, legs or back, including a quarter-inch flexible plumbing line that, Mr. Pearl notes, “can be rolled up and carried in your pocket.” The furor in part reflects societal disagreements over corporal punishment, which conservative Christians say is called for in the Bible and which many Americans consider reasonable up to a point, even as many parents and pediatricians reject it….

Mr. Pearl, 66, and Mrs. Pearl, 60, say that blaming their book for extreme abuse by a few unstable parents is preposterous and that they explicitly counsel against acting in anger or causing a bruise. They say that their methods, properly used, yield peace and happy teenagers….

Some conservative Christian parents reject the Pearls’ teachings and have started a petition drive asking sellers like Amazon not to stock their books.

Crystal Lutton, who runs Grace-Based Discipline, one of several Christian blogs that oppose corporal punishment, said the danger with the Pearls’ methods is that “if you don’t get results, the only thing to do is to punish harder and harder.”

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/07/us/deaths-put-focus-on-pastors-advocacy-of-spanking.html

Girl spanked to death in the name of God, children’s deaths after investigations

August 19, 2011 Comments Off on Girl spanked to death in the name of God, children’s deaths after investigations

Number of children’s deaths after abuse investigations has risen
Former DCF administrator says 2003 policy change has put kids at risk
February 27, 2011 By Carol Marbin Miller, The Miami Herald

….Statistically, however, Nubia’s story is rather common: She is one of hundreds of Florida children who died of abuse or neglect during the past decade after child welfare authorities had performed at least one investigation into their welfare. Florida not only leads the United States in the number of such deaths, it dominates the nation.

After a controversial decision by child welfare administrators to halve the number of children taken into state care — while reducing the number of children receiving protective services with their birth families — the number of dead children with a child protection investigative history almost doubled, from 35 in 2001 to 69 in 2009. No statistics are available for 2010.

Over the past six years, 41 percent of all children who died of abuse or neglect in Florida had been the subject of at least one prior contact with child protection authorities, the state Department of Health reports. The average for all other states: about 12 percent.

In 2008, the number of Florida children with a history of abuse or neglect reports who later died made up almost half of the U.S. total. In 2009, 64 of the 120 child deaths nationally with a history of reports occurred in Florida — or 53 percent.
http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/2011-02-27/news/fl-barahona-dcf-policy-20110227_1_abuse-or-neglect-child-deaths-child-welfare

Girl spanked to death in the name of God
Anderson Cooper 360 August 15, 2011

Gary Tuchman reports on an author who says you must spank your child and a couple who killed their daughter doing it.
http://www.cnn.com/video/?/video/bestoftv/2011/08/15/exp.ac.tuchman.punishment.cnn

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