Ex-pupils allege they were raped and abused by monks at schools in Scotland, Head of Benedictines apologises over abuse

July 31, 2013 Comments Off on Ex-pupils allege they were raped and abused by monks at schools in Scotland, Head of Benedictines apologises over abuse

– Benedictine order plans inquiry into Scotland schools child abuse scandal
– Ex-pupils allege they were raped and abused by monks at schools in Scotland
– Head of Benedictines apologises over abuse
– Police investigate Australian priest over Scottish abuse allegations

Benedictine order plans inquiry into Scotland schools child abuse scandal

Senior figures plan own investigation into allegations that monks abused boys at Fort Augustus and Carlekemp Priory schools

Severin Carrell, Scotland correspondent
theguardian.com, Tuesday 30 July 2013

Senior figures in the Benedictine religious order are planning their own inquiry into harrowing allegations that monks sexually and physically abused dozens of boys at two schools in Scotland.

Police in Scotland have launched an investigation into disclosures by former pupils at Fort Augustus in the Highlands and Carlekemp Priory school near Edinburgh that monks subjected them to systematic violence and sexual assaults, including claims that one now deceased monk raped five boys.

Dom Richard Yeo, the head of the UK’s largest Benedictine group of congregations, said he had already been contacted by detectives from Police Scotland over the allegations, detailed in a BBC Scotland documentary on Monday.

In May the Observer revealed that a police investigation had begun into Fort Augustus after one pupil, Andrew Lavery, accused monks there of “systematic, brutal, awful torture”, which included being locked alone for days at a time in a room.

That included sexual assaults by monks, while other ex-pupils spoke of repeated bullying and sexually predatory behaviour….

The BBC programme, Sins of the Fathers, alleged that nine monks at the schools repeatedly beat, sexually assaulted and, in one case, raped boys in their care over several decades. Victims of the abuse complained but their testimony was ignored. One priest allegedly involved, now living in Sydney, Australia, has been suspended by the Australian church after the BBC tracked him down….

http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2013/jul/30/benedictine-monks-inquiry-scotland-child-abuse

Ex-pupils allege they were raped and abused by monks at schools in Scotland

Men tell BBC documentary they suffered sexual and physical assaults while at two exclusive schools which have since closed

Severin Carrell, Scotland correspondent
The Guardian, Monday 29 July 2013

Dozens of pupils at exclusive Roman Catholic boarding schools in Scotland have alleged they were sexually and physically abused by monks, one of whom allegedly raped at least five boys.

Nine Benedictine monks who taught at the Fort Augustus Abbey school in the Highlands and its preparatory school in East Lothian have been accused of repeatedly beating, sexually assaulting and verbally abusing boys in their care over several decades.

One monk, Father Aidan Duggan, who taught at Fort Augustus and Carlkemp prep school, which both closed in the 1990s, was accused by five ex-pupils of raping and sexually abusing them, but they claim their allegations were ignored and rejected by two headteachers, according to the BBC.

Duggan, an Australian, died in 2004 after returning to become a parish priest in Sydney.

Another priest, Father Chrysostom Alexander, now 77, is also alleged to have abused one pupil at the Fort Augustus school in the 1970s.

Alexander, also an Australian, returned to work in Sydney and has now been suspended by the Catholic church after he was challenged about the allegations by a BBC journalist. Alexander did not respond to the allegations.

The allegations, in a BBC documentary Sins of the Fathers, broadcast on BBC1 Scotland on Monday, are now being investigated by Police Scotland in the latest in a series of scandals about abuse by priests and misconduct by senior figures within the Scottish church….

One former pupil, Donald Macleod, told the documentary that Duggan had effectively groomed him before raping him when he was 14.

Macleod tried to raise the alarm but the then headteacher refused to hear about the alleged rape, warning him that lies were a mortal sin.

The BBC documentary alleges the Benedictine authorities failed to warn their Australian counterparts about the allegations against Duggan, who continued to abuse in Sydney.

The Benedictines are also accused of using Fort Augustus as a secret “dumping ground” for problem priests who were removed from their parishes after being accused of abusing children.

Their superiors are alleged to have used that transfer to cover up the abuse….
http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2013/jul/29/pupils-allege-rape-catholic-schools-scotland

Head of Benedictines apologises over abuse
29 July 2013

The Abbot President of the Benedictines, which ran Fort Augustus, has apologised to any victims of child abuse, after the BBC uncovered evidence of serious physical and sexual abuse at the boarding school.

Accounts of abuse at the now-closed Fort Augustus Abbey School, in the Highlands, and feeder school Carlekemp, in East Lothian, span 30 years….
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-23490806


Police investigate Australian priest over Scottish abuse allegations

Tue Jul 30, 2013 AEST

A six month investigation by the BBC has found a multitude of allegations of sexual and physical abuse over 30 years at the prestigious Fort Augustus Abbey School in Scotland. Two Australian men are at the centre of the allegations, including one who’s been suspended from the Catholic Church pending an investigation.
Ashley Hall

Transcript

ASHLEY HALL: Donald McLeod was 13 when he went to the Abbey in 1961.

DONALD MCLEOD: Um…

INTERVIEWER: He raped you?

DONALD MCLEOD: Yeah, I guess so. Yes.

ASHLEY HALL: The man who attacked him was an Australian, Aidan Duggan. Donald McLeod says Duggan groomed him during piano and photography lessons, and then, when he was 14, Duggan sexually assaulted him.

Donald McLeod raised the alarm, but no one believed him.

MARK DALY: The headmaster refused to believe the allegation, told the boy that he was lying and that if he continued to lie about Father Aidan, that he would go to hell. And nothing was done to Father Aidan. He was allowed to continue teaching and continue abusing.
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-07-30/police-investigate-australian-priest-over-scottish/4853630?section=nsw

Advertisements

Child Sex Trafficking Rescue: FBI Saves 105 Victims in ‘Operation Cross Country’, Michael Madison Indicted For Deaths Of 3 Ohio Women

July 30, 2013 Comments Off on Child Sex Trafficking Rescue: FBI Saves 105 Victims in ‘Operation Cross Country’, Michael Madison Indicted For Deaths Of 3 Ohio Women

Child Sex Trafficking Rescue: FBI Saves 105 Victims in ‘Operation Cross Country’ 07/29/2013

child sex trafficking rescue

The FBI has rescued 105 child sex-trafficking victims, FBI Assistant Director Ronald Hosko announced Monday.

The youngest of the rescued children was 9 years old, according to Reuters….

“Many times the children that are taken in in these types of criminal activities are children that are disaffected, they are from broken homes, they may be on the street themselves,” FBI Acting Executive Assistant Director Kevin Perkins said, according to the network. “They are really looking for a meal, they are looking for shelter, they are looking for someone to take care of them.”

Another victim, identified as “Alex,” told interviewers she became a prostitute at the age of 16, when she felt she had no other options to feed and clothe herself.

The raids also resulted in the arrests of 150 “pimps” and other individuals, according to an FBI press release.

The rescues were the product of Operation Cross Country, a three-day nationwide initiative to aid victims of underage prostitution….

Since 2003, the Innocence Lost National Initiative has netted the rescue of more than 2,700 children.
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/07/29/child-sex-trafficking-rescue-fbi-announcement_n_3670749.html

Michael Madison Indicted For Deaths Of 3 Ohio Women
By REGINA GARCIA CANO 07/29/13
COLUMBUS, Ohio — A man accused in the deaths of three women whose bodies were found wrapped in trash bags was indicted Monday on 14 counts including multiple charges of aggravated murder and kidnapping.

Michael Madison is being charged in connection with the deaths of Shirellda H. Terry, Angela H. Deskins and Shetisha D. Sheeley….

A Cuyahoga County grand jury charged Madison with six counts of aggravated murder, two for each victim under different legal theories, plus three counts of kidnapping, three counts of gross abuse of a corpse, one count of rape and one count of having weapons under disability, the county prosecutor’s office announced Monday….

The indictment states that Madison raped Terry between July 10 and July 19. Terry’s family has said she was last seen July 10, leaving a Cleveland elementary school where she had a summer job.

Madison was classified as a sex offender in 2002, when he was sentenced to four years in prison for attempted rape, according to Cuyahoga County court records. He had previous convictions in 2000 and 2001 for drug-related charges….
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/07/29/michael-madison-indicted-_n_3673198.html

Victims claim Jimmy Savile recruited NHS staff to deliver him young patients to abuse, Celebrity arrests could soar after horrified police discover Jimmy Savile’s secret lair at record shop

July 29, 2013 Comments Off on Victims claim Jimmy Savile recruited NHS staff to deliver him young patients to abuse, Celebrity arrests could soar after horrified police discover Jimmy Savile’s secret lair at record shop

Victims claim Jimmy Savile recruited NHS staff to deliver him young patients to abuse      By Andy Gardner 28 Jul 2013

THE late DJ is believed to have abused children in an office in a hospital basement, before his accomplices took them back to their wards.

JIMMY SAVILE recruited NHS staff to bring him young patients to abuse, victims have claimed.

The paedophile DJ attacked children in an office in a hospital basement before his accomplices took them back to the wards.

One victim has told how a porter delivered her to Savile at Leeds General Infirmary, where the star preyed on youngsters while doing volunteer work.

And she claims nurses knew what was going on. The woman, who has given a statement to police, said: “The porter said Jimmy Savile wanted to see me.

“I was flattered so I followed him to the basement. He knocked on the door and Savile said, ‘Come in.’ The porter shut the door behind me.

“I suffered a serious sexual assault, then Savile said, ‘You’ve got to go now.’ He opened the door and a different porter took me back to the ward.”

The woman alleges that when she told nurses what was going on, they laughed.

“It was apparent they knew what had happened,” said the victim, just 16 at the time.

The woman fears Savile’s “helpers” will escape exposure in the Speaking Out probe into his crimes at Leeds hospitals. Lawyer Liz Dux, acting for more than 70 victims, said there were three others who claim he was helped by staff.

“The stories are almost identical,” she said….
http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/uk-world-news/victims-claim-jimmy-savile-recruited-2096556

Celebrity arrests could soar after horrified police discover Jimmy Savile’s secret lair at record shop  By Ben Glaze  28 Jul 2013

Names and sexual details of hundreds of girls were scrawled across huge wall in a scene from a horror film

Stunned officers chipped away plaster at a -record shop wall and unveiled a hidden list of names thought to belong to young victims of Jimmy Savile.

The vile register, which contained the names, ages and a disgusting ratings system seemingly used to mark their sexual performance, was scrawled on a secret wall buried behind layers of wallpaper and plaster.

A source revealed: “The wall looked like something straight out of a horror movie. There were lists and lists of names of the victims – it’s a shocking discovery.”

The list of girls and young women is thought to identify -hundreds of potential new victims abused at the hands of the BBC DJ and it raised fears Savile was at the centre of a celebrity paedophile ring.

Police believe the major breakthrough could lead to further arrests – including other well-known celebrities.

The wall also appeared to contain the names of girls the sick group hoped to target in the future.

Officers who raided the shop in -Greater Manchester after a tip-off will now try to trace the alleged victims.

A source said the raid had provided the clearest evidence yet to show Savile was part of a larger group of monsters….
http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/jimmy-savile-celeb-arrests-could-2097740

Jimmy Savile Sex Scandal: Sick List of Victims Found in Manchester Record Shop

By Fiona Keating July 28, 2013
http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/articles/495035/20130728/jimmy-savile-paedophile-victims.htm

Ariel Castro avoids death penalty, Roman Polanski Rape Victim Unveils Disturbing Photo

July 28, 2013 Comments Off on Ariel Castro avoids death penalty, Roman Polanski Rape Victim Unveils Disturbing Photo

Roman Polanski Rape Victim Unveils Startling, Disturbing Photo for Book Cover   (Exclusive)
7/24/2013 by Andy Lewis
“The Girl,” Samantha Geimer’s memoir about being raped by Roman Polanski in 1977 at age 13, features a picture the director took of her days before his assault.

After nearly 35 years of silence, the 13-year-old girl Roman Polanski raped in 1977 is finally telling her full story in The Girl: A Life in the Shadow of Roman Polanski.

The Hollywood Reporter’s exclusive first look at the cover of the book reveals Samantha Geimer’s determination to reclaim her own story.

The cover is a haunting close-up shot of the teenage Geimer (then known by her maiden name, Samantha Gailey), taken on Feb. 20, 1977, less than three weeks before Polanski drugged and raped her at Jack Nicholson’s Mulholland Drive home during a modeling shoot when he also gave her alcohol and a quaalude.

But the photo comes with a surprising twist: It was taken by Polanski himself.

He took the pictures during his first photo session with Geimer, now 50, at her home in Woodland Hills, a session in which the director coaxed the young girl to pose topless for him in some of the shots.

Using the photo was part of Geimer’s strategy to reclaim her story.

Since the incident, the media has always illustrated the story with a picture of Polanski. Geimer finally wanted to put her own face on the story, and this picture reflected the starting point for her.

The pictures surfaced during Geimer’s civil suit against Polanski, which she filed in 1988 and resulted in Polanski agreeing to pay her $500,000 plus interest (a sum Geimer struggled to collect).

As part of the civil suit, her attorney Lawrence Silver, who also contributes to the book, demanded Polanski turn over all the pictures he took. Even though the director turned over some photos (and all rights associated with them), Silver always believed others existed, and years later they were discovered….
http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/roman-polanski-rape-victim-unveils-591015

Ariel Castro avoids death penalty with plea deal in Cleveland kidnappings
July 26, 2013

CLEVELAND — A former Cleveland school bus driver, Ariel Castro, agreed today to plead guilty and be imprisoned for life for kidnapping and raping three women he held captive in his house for about a decade in one of the most sensational criminal cases in the United States in recent years.

At a court hearing, Ohio prosecutors in turn agreed that Castro will not be eligible for the death penalty over the disappearance of the women from 2002 to 2004 before they were freed in May along with a 6-year-old girl who, according to DNA evidence, was fathered by Castro with one of his captives.

Many Americans were alternately elated when the three women were freed from Castro’s house in a rundown neighborhood of Cleveland on May 6, and stunned by the details of his brutal treatment of them. The women had been bound for periods of time in chains or ropes and endured starvation, beatings and sexual assaults, according to court documents and a police report.

The avoidance of a trial spares the women from having to testify….
http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/chi-castro-plea-deal-20130726,0,728821.story

Ariel Castro victims relieved by guilty plea, Cleveland Kidnapping Update: Victim could face Ariel Castro in court, source tells CBS

July 27, 2013 Comments Off on Ariel Castro victims relieved by guilty plea, Cleveland Kidnapping Update: Victim could face Ariel Castro in court, source tells CBS

Ariel Castro victims relieved by guilty plea
Marisol Bello and Laura Petrecca, USA TODAY July 26, 2013

The three women whom Ariel Castro kidnapped, raped and tortured over an 11-year span are relieved by his guilty plea that spares them from testifying.

The three Cleveland women kidnapped, raped and tortured by Ariel Castro over an 11-year span are relieved that his guilty plea spares them from testifying.

Amanda Berry, Gina DeJesus and Michelle Knight “are satisfied by this resolution to the case, and are looking forward to having these legal proceedings draw to a final close in the near future,” said a statement released by the law firm Jones Day, which is representing the women.

“They continue to desire their privacy. They do not wish to speak to the media or anyone else, and they thank people for continuing to respect their privacy as they grow stronger,” the statement said.

Castro, 53, pleaded guilty Friday to 937 criminal counts of kidnapping, rape and aggravated murder. The terms of the plea mean he will likely receive life in prison with no possibility for parole, plus 1,000 years. He will be formally sentenced Thursday.

Mental health and legal experts say it is a good thing the women do not have to testify….
http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2013/07/26/ariel-castro-guilty-plea-victims/2590451/

Cleveland Kidnapping Update: Victim could face Ariel Castro in court, source tells CBS  July 26, 2013  By Crimesider Staff

(CBS/AP) CLEVELAND – One of the three Cleveland kidnapping victims is set to testify against the man charged with holding them captive for up to ten years in his home, a source tells CBS News. It would be their first meeting between victim and captor since the three women escaped from the Cleveland home on May 6.

As part of a plea deal yet to be accepted by a judge, Ariel Castro pleaded guilty to holding the three women captive for about a decade.

Sources tell CBS News’ investigative unit that one of the three women is expected to testify live in court during the Thursday hearing, during which Ariel Castro will be formally sentenced. The two other women may confront Castro via video, though those plans have not yet been finalized….

As a part of the deal, Castro pleaded guilty Friday to 937 charges, including aggravated murder, kidnapping and rape….

Earlier Friday, the three women said they are relieved that Ariel Castro has pleaded guilty to the charges that will keep him in prison for life.

“Amanda, Gina, and Michelle are relieved by today’s plea,” read a statement released Friday by a law firm representing the women. “They are satisfied by this resolution to the case, and are looking forward to having these legal proceedings draw to a final close in the near future. ”
http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-504083_162-57595767-504083/cleveland-kidnapping-update-victim-could-face-ariel-castro-in-court-source-tells-cbs/

Do Church and State Continue to Cover-up Child Abuse?, Satanic cult blamed for ritualistic killing, ‘Against Their Will’ looks at children used for tests

July 26, 2013 Comments Off on Do Church and State Continue to Cover-up Child Abuse?, Satanic cult blamed for ritualistic killing, ‘Against Their Will’ looks at children used for tests

Led by the Catholic Pope, Do Church and State Continue to Cover-up Child Abuse?
Child Safety  July 24, 2013 By: Judy Byington

“Catholic Pope Francis’s July 2013 ruling to protect perpetrators rather than their child victims and the 20 years it took Kevin Annett of the International Tribunal into Crimes of Church and State (ITCCS) to bring justice for 150,000 missing children from Canadian, Catholic and other church-run residential schools are only a few examples where church and state are blatantly covering up crimes against children,” stated Judy Byington, CEO of Child Abuse Recovery (CAR http://www.ChildAbuseRecovery.com  and author of “Twenty-Two Faces: Inside the Extraordinary Life of Jenny Hill and Her Twenty-Two Multiple Personalities” (Tate Publishing, Oklahoma: 2012 http://www.22faces.com ).

“That’s why CAR and Neil Brick of Stop Mind Control and Ritual Abuse Today (S.M.A.R.T. http://ritualabuse.us ) are joining forces with the ITCCS on September 2 in New York to unite severe abuse survivors and expose child trafficking networks (time and place to be announced on http://www.itccs.org ).”

SMART’s annual conference which draws severe abuse survivors, their helpers and therapists from across the US, will be held August 9-11 in Windsor Locks, Connecticut, ( http://ritualabuse.us/smart-conference/    ).

….Saturday night of the SMART conference features Kevin Annett of the ITCCS (via live feed) and Judy Byington, author of “Twenty-Two Faces,” the biography of Jenny Hill, the only-known survivor of a human sacrifice ceremony. Hill was made to witness the murder of another six year-old identified as Kathleen Shea. Although the murder took place back on June 21 1965, Hill’s and Shea’s cases in Garden Grove California and Tyrone Penn. remain unsolved.

“One complication for investigators is the often-inability of survivors like Hill, who are severely affected by their childhood torture, to come forward until they are adults – also a major problem for prosecutors in Catholic Priest sex abuse scandals,” Byington says. “Another commonality is the very effective cover-ups of child abuse by perpetrators who have high ranking in church and state.”

….Another example was when over an almost 20-year period, the Walter E. Fernald State residential school in Waltham Mass. enrolled children who were fed a steady diet of radioactive isotopes and placed in solitary confinement if they refused to cooperate. Allen Hornblum, Judith Newman, and Gregory Dober painfully describe the state residential school atrocities in their chilling new book, “Against Their Will: The Secret History of Medical Experimentation on Children in Cold War America.”….
http://www.examiner.com/article/led-by-the-catholic-pope-church-and-state-continue-to-cover-up-child-abuse

Satanic cult blamed for ritualistic killing of Dartmoor foal which was horrifically mutilated in centre of ring of fire during full moon

….There are fears the stricken animal may have been alive during its ordeal
The pony was found in a remote part of Devon National Park on Tuesday
Patches of burned grass surrounded it and it had white paint on it’s leg
By Stuart Woledge  25 July 2013

A Satanic cult has been blamed for the sickening death of a pony, which was found horrifically mutilated and laying in the remnants of a ring of fire after full moon….

It was also surrounded by circular patches of burnt moorland, which experts believe were left by a ring of torches or candles. The two-month old pony seemed to have been dragged into a clearing and placed at the foot of a slope to face the previous night’s full moon.  It was found on Tuesday morning by a horse rider at Yennadon Down, a remote, area of Devon National Park….

Horse carers believe the butchery was part of an evil occult or Pagan ceremony by Devil worshippers….

Dartmoor and the surrounding countryside in Devon and Cornwall has been dogged by rumours of Satanic rituals for years. In 2012 a two-year-old horse called Eric belonging to Dawn Jewell, 27, was found mutilated on the day of satanic animal sacrifice….

The horrific attack happened on St Winebald Day, a date in the satanic calendar traditionally celebrated with bloody rituals. In 2006 around 100 sheep animals were found slaughtered….

The bodies had been arranged in a Satanic star shape, known as a pentangle, or laid out in a circle….

In June of this year police appealed for information after two horses were found … in neighbouring fields in the village of Stokeinteignhead, Devon. Locals feared the two thoroughbred were attacked to mark the summer solstice, a key date in the Satanic calender.
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2377782/Satanic-cult-blamed-ritualistic-killing-Dartmoor-foal-horrifically-mutilated-centre-ring-moon.html

Book Review
‘Against Their Will’ looks at children used for tests
By Dennis Rosen  Globe Correspondent     July 08, 2013

Unfortunately, as Allen Hornblum, Judith Newman, and Gregory Dober painfully describe in their chilling new book, “Against Their Will: The Secret History of Medical Experimentation on Children in Cold War America,’’ Fernald was not the only institution in the country, or even in the state, where children were conscripted into sometimes deadly medical experiments. These were conducted by ambitious physicians and scientists whose belief in what they were trying to accomplish often blinded them to the potentially horrific consequences of their actions.

“Against Their Will’’ opens with an overview of the eugenics movement in the United States, which found sympathizers among many luminaries of American medicine in the 19th and early 20th centuries. With its disdain for the disabled, who were considered genetically inferior, the movement paved the way for use of “defective’’ children in research. The book then provides multiple examples of medical experiments perpetrated on developmentally delayed and physically disabled children at multiple institutions across the country over the course of decades.

Often reading like case studies straight out of the 1947 Nazi doctors’ trial, these include the forced castration of dozens of boys to prevent or halt regular masturbation; infecting developmentally delayed children as young as 4 with gonorrhea; and treating children as young as 6 who had been diagnosed with schizophrenia or autism with twice-daily doses of LSD for months on end.

One of the most famous examples of the abuse of institutionalized children occurred at the Willowbrook State School on Staten Island, where hundreds of mentally and physically disabled children were purposely infected with hepatitis. While the experiments did yield information about the disease, there is no escaping the fact that these were conducted on children who were supposedly under the protection of the state and who had nothing to gain, but everything to lose, by participating….
http://www.bostonglobe.com/arts/books/2013/07/07/book-review-against-their-will-dober-secret-history-medical-experimentation-children-cold-war-america-allen-hornblum-judith-newman-and-gregory/mvRMIO8Zt7HakY7HWSLESO/story.html

Plea deal talks ongoing for Cleveland kidnap suspect Ariel Castro

July 25, 2013 Comments Off on Plea deal talks ongoing for Cleveland kidnap suspect Ariel Castro

Plea deal talks ongoing for Cleveland kidnap suspect Ariel Castro

From Associated Press  July 24, 2013

CLEVELAND — Prosecutors and lawyers for a Cleveland man accused of holding three women captive in his home for more than a decade signaled Wednesday that they are talking about a possible plea deal.

With a trial less than two weeks away, there was no mention of whether the prosecutor will seek the death penalty. Attorneys for Ariel Castro, 53, say a deal is dependent on taking the death penalty off the table.

“My understanding is that the parties have discussed possible pleas and that you’re working to see if that would be an effective resolution, is that correct?” Judge Michael Russo asked.

Both sides responded “yes” without elaboration and left the courtroom without commenting. Last month, the judge had mentioned the possibility of a plea deal raised by the defense….

http://www.latimes.com/news/nation/nationnow/la-na-nn-ariel-castro-plea-deal-possible-20130724,0,850507.story

Where Am I?

You are currently viewing the archives for July, 2013 at Eassurvey's Weblog.